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How To Make Kombucha: A Safe & Easy Guide

By January 2, 2024Blog
How To Make Kombucha

Greetings, it’s Lou, and today we’re embarking on a captivating journey into the world of kombucha. This isn’t just any ordinary tea; it’s a fermented elixir brimming with probiotics and an intriguing tang.
In this blog, I’ll guide you through the fascinating art and science of crafting kombucha at home. We’ll unveil the mysteries behind this ancient concoction, learn why kombucha is good for you, and explore the nutritional wonders that make it a beloved health drink.

What is Kombucha?

First things first – what exactly is kombucha? Kombucha is a centuries-old fermented tea beverage, born from the union of tea, sugar, and a peculiar living culture called a scoby. It’s this unique partnership that transforms sweet tea into a sparkling and tangy probiotic wonder. The final product is not just a delicious drink; it’s a potential health elixir too.

Is Kombucha Good for You?

Absolutely. Kombucha is often hailed for its gut-loving, immune-boosting properties. It’s a source of probiotics, those friendly microorganisms that work wonders for your digestive system and overall well-being. These probiotics can enhance digestion, support immunity, and even impact your mental health positively. So, yes, kombucha is indeed a beneficial beverage with science to back its claims.

If you want to learn more about the many benefits of kombucha, read our blog all about it!


Before we get into the nitty-gritty of making kombucha, let’s talk about the equipment you’ll need. The essentials include:

  • A Large Glass Jar: It’ll be your kombucha brewing vessel. Opt for glass to avoid unwanted chemical reactions.
  • A Breathable Cloth: You’ll need this to cover your jar. It allows your kombucha to breathe and keeps contaminants out.
  • A Rubber Band: This is handy for securing your cloth over the jar.
  • Tea and Sugar: Go for black, green, or white tea and plain white sugar. Remember, the sugar feeds the yeast and bacteria, so you won’t consume much of it.
  • A Kombucha Starter: The magic ingredient. The starter can be a piece of kombucha scoby or some kombucha from a previous batch.

What is a Scoby and Where Can I Get One?

Ah, the mystical scoby, a critical player in the kombucha-making game. Scoby stands for Symbiotic Culture Of Bacteria and Yeast. It’s the star of the show, responsible for fermentation. To get your hands on one, you can check with fellow kombucha enthusiasts, or sometimes health food stores offer them.
Alternatively, you can use some Twisted Kombucha as a starter if you want to begin on an easier note.

Easy Kombucha Recipe

Now, let’s dive into the practical part – making your very own kombucha. Making kombucha may seem like a straightforward process, but there’s a lot that goes on behind the bubbles. Here’s a quick and simple recipe that’s sure to work wonders:

  1. Brew a strong, sweet tea.
    Here, you’re essentially feeding the heroes of the story – the yeast and bacteria. The strong, sweet tea provides the essential nutrients they require for their metabolic processes. The sugar acts as their food, while the tea brings in a range of compounds, including polyphenols, which are rich in antioxidants and flavor. The goal is to create an environment that supports microbial growth. As the yeast and bacteria consume the sugar, they produce organic acids, carbon dioxide, and various flavorful compounds.
  2. Allow it to cool.
    This step is primarily about temperature control. Yeast and bacteria have a preferred range for fermentation, usually around 75-85°F (24-29°C). Cooling the sweet tea to this range ensures that the microorganisms function optimally and discourages the growth of unwanted microbes. It also helps preserve the delicate flavors of the tea.
  3. Add your kombucha starter (scoby or some finished kombucha).
    Your kombucha starter is a bit like a master chef’s secret spice blend. It’s the source of the microbial magic. If you’re using a scoby, it’s a cellulose structure created by bacteria (primarily Acetobacter) to hold yeast in place. If you’re using finished kombucha, you’re introducing an army of yeast and bacteria. The starter’s role is to inoculate the sweet tea with the necessary microorganisms to initiate fermentation.
  4. Cover the container with a breathable cloth and let it sit in a warm, dark place.
    Now, it’s time to let the fermentation process begin. The breathable cloth serves a dual purpose. It allows airflow, which is essential for the microorganisms’ respiration, and it keeps unwanted contaminants at bay. The warm, dark environment mimics the conditions inside a fermentation vessel. Yeast and bacteria thrive in an anaerobic (no oxygen) environment.
    This is where the microbial orchestra begins to play. The yeast gobbles up the sugar and produces alcohol, primarily ethanol. This alcohol is then consumed by the bacteria, which transform it into organic acids – primarily acetic acid (responsible for the tangy taste) and lactic acid. These organic acids give kombucha its characteristic flavor profile and contribute to its potential health benefits.

Remember, patience is the secret ingredient. You’ll have to let your brew sit for some time – usually about a week, but this can vary. It’s the microbial orchestra inside the container that’s creating the magic.

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How Long Does Fermentation Take?

The duration of fermentation varies depending on factors like temperature and personal preference. It’s during this time that the microbial community in your brew multiplies and carries out the intricate biochemical reactions, turning tea and sugar into a complex, living elixir. Taste testing is your best indicator – when your kombucha reaches the perfect sweet-tangy balance, it’s ready for the next steps.
As you master the art and science of kombucha-making, you’ll develop a deeper appreciation for this ancient beverage. It’s not just about brewing a drink; it’s about nurturing a living culture and exploring the fascinating world of microorganisms. So, experiment, enjoy the process, and savor the health benefits that come with each delicious sip. And if you ever need a flavorful, probiotic-packed companion for your journey, Twisted Kombucha is here to delight your taste buds and nourish your gut.

What Temperature Should I Brew Kombucha At?

The ideal temperature range for brewing kombucha is around 75-85°F (24-29°C). At these temperatures, the yeasts and bacteria in your brew will work their fermentation magic. Too hot, and you risk harming your scoby. Too cold, and the fermentation process might stall.

When Is the Kombucha Ready?

The big question: when do you know your kombucha is ready? Typically, it takes about 7-10 days. But the best way to check is to taste it. It should have a pleasant balance of sweet and tangy flavors. If it’s too sweet, give it more time. If it’s too sour, you might’ve let it ferment a tad too long.

Shop now and taste the twist of our kombucha!

What Is ‘Primary Fermentation’ and ‘Secondary Fermentation’?

Kombucha has a two-act performance: primary fermentation and secondary fermentation.

  • Primary Fermentation: This is the opening act of the kombucha-making performance. It’s where the transformation begins. In this stage, the star of the show, the scoby (that cellulose structure often referred to as the “mother” of kombucha), takes center stage in the sweet tea. This is where the magic unfolds, orchestrated by the yeast and bacteria living within the scoby. They work together to convert the sugars in the tea into organic acids, such as acetic acid and lactic acid, and probiotics. The result? A kombucha that’s pleasantly tangy and packed with gut-loving microorganisms. Primary fermentation is where the majority of the action occurs, laying the foundation for the kombucha’s unique flavor and health benefits.
  • Secondary Fermentation: Think of this as the encore, the extra special part of the show that adds pizzazz to your kombucha. During the secondary fermentation, you have the creative license to introduce new characters to the plot. This is the time to infuse your kombucha with exciting flavors, such as fruits, herbs, or spices. It’s when your kombucha gets an extra layer of complexity and aroma. But there’s more to it than just flavor. In the secondary fermentation, the kombucha ferments in a sealed bottle. This controlled environment allows carbonation to build up, resulting in those delightful fizzy bubbles. The added flavors and natural carbonation are what make your kombucha truly unique and refreshing. Secondary fermentation ensures that your kombucha is not only a probiotic powerhouse but also a delightful treat for your taste buds.

In essence, primary fermentation is where the kombucha’s core character is developed, and the secondary fermentation is where you can add your personal twist to the flavor profile and make it delightfully effervescent. It’s like producing a symphony with a scoby as the conductor and the flavors as the orchestra, creating a delightful harmony of taste and texture. So, if you enjoy experimenting with flavors and experiencing the effervescence of kombucha, the secondary fermentation is where your inner flavor artist can shine.

Safety Tips

While kombucha is generally safe, a few safety tips are crucial:

  • Always wash your hands and equipment thoroughly to avoid contamination.
  • Be cautious about the cleanliness of your brewing vessel.
  • If anything looks or smells off about your kombucha, it’s best to discard it.
  • Remember that kombucha is a fermented beverage and contains trace amounts of alcohol, so consume it responsibly.


So, there you have it, a crash course in the art and science of brewing kombucha. It’s not just a drink; it’s a living elixir that’s both science and a dash of magic. Now, as you venture into the world of kombucha, enjoy your journey and savor the benefits it brings to your gut health and overall wellness.
And, of course, if you want a sip of Twisted Kombucha, our flavorsome brew is always ready to delight your taste buds and nourish your body.
Cheers to a healthier you!

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